All BJUI Knowledge modules are allocated a digitial object identifier (DOI) at publication and each module has its own url including its DOI.

This means each module can be searched for using the DOI and also ensures stable links for BJUI Knowledge content over time. In addition, the DOIs of references used in BJUI Knowledge modules are provided, where available.


BJUI Knowledge modules listed by curriculum section

A good TURBT
Can a negative multiparametric MRI substitute prostate biopsy?
Continent urinary diversion in bladder cancer
Does the use of chemoradation enable preservation of the bladder in bladder cancer?
Epidemiology of upper tract urothelial carcinoma - a UK perspective
Focal therapy for upper urinary tract tumours
Heating the prostate- HIFU and its role
How to perform an open partial nephrectomy for RCC
How to perform an open radical nephrectomy for RCC
Is screening prostate cancer proven or justified?
Is there a role for organ preserving surgery in upper tract urothelial carcinoma?
Is there a role for systemic chemotherapy in upper tract urothelial carcinoma?
Management of castration-resistant prostate cancer (1) - androgen receptor pathway inhibitors
Management of castration-resistant prostate cancer (2) - chemotherapy
Management of castration-resistant prostate cancer (3) - bone treatments
Management of non-urothelial cancers of the bladder I: squamous cell carcinoma
Management of non-urothelial cancers of the bladder II: adenocarcinoma, sarcoma and other rare cancers
Management of penile cancer nodal disease
Management of renal cell carcinoma with vena cava involvement
Management of small renal masses with thermal ablation
Managing lymph nodes in RCC
Managing small renal masses
Managing the primary in muscle-invasive bladder cancer
Managing the primary - upper tract urothelial carcinoma
Metastatic renal cancer - what is the role of surgery for primary disease?
Minimally invasive partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma
Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate gland
Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer - understanding and managing risk
Partial versus radical nephrectomy
Pathological classification of renal cell tumours
Pathological classification of non-RCC renal parenchymal tumours
Pathological subtypes of testicular tumours
Penile cancer - investigation for nodal status?
Percutaneous biopsy for RCC
Phalloplasty following amputation for penile cancer
Principles and management of hereditary renal cell carcinoma
Prostate biopsy: what is the appropriate approach?
Prostate cancer: local and systemic management of recurrent disease
Prostate cancer biomarkers - PSA: is there a role?
Prostate MRI - how should MRI be practically used in active surveillance?
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection - operative technique
RARP - vesico-urethral anastomosis
RCC - how to perform left-sided laparoscopic nephrectomy 
RCC - how to perform right-sided laparoscopic nephrectomy
Robotic cystectomy and lymph node dissection
Sentinel node biopsy in penile cancer
Surgery for recurrent RCC
The evidence for neoadjuvant chemotherapy in muscle invasive bladder cancer
The role of surgery for T3 prostate cancer
The surgical management of invasive penile cancer
The timing of chemotherapy for metastatic prostate cancer
The timing of hormonal therapy in advanced prostate cancer
Transperineal biopsy of the prostate
Who should be offered active surveillance?
Who should be offered radiation treatment in the management of prostate cancer?

Urolithiasis and Endourology 
A manual for performing flexible ureterorenoscopy
Cryoablation of small kidney tumours
Current guidelines in the management of ureteric calculi
Current understanding and management of staghorn stones
Current protocol for the optimisation of shock wave lithotripsy
How to avoid complications in flexible ureteroscopy
How to avoid infective complications during surgical management of urinary stones
How to avoid complications in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
How to deal with urinary stones during pregnancy
How to obtain renal access in the prone-flexed and lateral-flexed positions
Key steps to perform a laparoscopic dismembered transperitoneal pyeloplasty
Management of urinary stones in abnormal kidneys
Step-by-step technical considerations in semi-rigid ureteroscopy
Surgical options for PUJ obstruction - endopyelotomy technique and case selection
The changing epidemiology of stone disease in the Western world
What are the challenges of managing stones in renal calcyeal diverticula?
Why is my patient having recurrent renal stones?

Urogenital Infections
Aetiology and management of urethritis
Aetiopathogenesis and management of urinary tract infections in patients with spinal cord injury
Asymptomatic bacteriuria and urinary tract infections in pregnancy
Drug treatment of GUTB - short course DOTS and multidrug resistance management
Challenges in antimicrobials
How to diagnose and manage tubercular epididymitis and prostatitis
Pharmacokinetics in prostatitis
Urologic manifestations of schistosomiasis and their treatment
What is the role of HPV infection in urogenital malignancies?

BPH and LUT Dysfunction
Beta-3 agonists in the management of detrusor overactivity
Clinical phenotyping for interstitial cystitis and bladder pain syndrome: using the UPOINT system
Combination therapy for LUTS: who and when?
First choice for refractory OAB - onabotulinumtoxinA or sacral nerve stimulation?
Greenlight laser photoselective vaporisation of the prostate - an overview
Greenlight laser photoselective vaporisation of the prostate - a step by step guide
Identification and management of ketamine bladder
Injection therapy in the management of BPH: botulinum toxin
Is TURP still the gold standard for surgical management of BPO?
Is there still a role for microwave thermotherapy in the management of BPH?
Is there still a role for simple prostatectomy today?
Is there still a role for urethral stents in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia?
Laser enucleation in the management of BPH
Managing detrusor underactivity
Managing patients with concomitant LUTS and erectile dysfunction
Overactive bladder (OAB): definition and medical management strategies
Overactive bladder (OAB): surgical management strategies
Paruresis: understanding and managing the bashful/shy bladder
Plasma kinetic vapourisation in the management of BPH
Robotic-assisted simple prostatectomy
Robotically-assisted Aquablation for BPH
Safe and effective use of botulinum toxin for refractory LUTS
Understanding and managing nocturnal polyuria
Update on anticholinergic therapy for OAB
Video step-by-step - the prostatic urethral lift
Who can we predict is going to have progression of BPH/LUTS?

Paediatric Urology
Antenatal hydronephrosis (1) - postnatal evaluation and initial mangement
Antenatal hydronephrosis (2) - further imaging, diagnosis and mangement
Assessment and investigation of the non-neuropathic wet child
Foreskin conditions in paediatric practice
Testicular torsion - diagnosis and management
Long term outcomes of bladder exstrophy and their implications
Management of the non-neuropathic wet child
Optimal timing of orchidopexy
Vesico-ureteric reflux: natural history, investigation and non-surgical management
What are the relevant urological associations with imperforate anus?

Andrology and Infertility
A practical approach to complications of penile prothesis surgery
Best evidence approach for penile treatment for radical prostatectomy patients
Complications of vasectomy and their management, particularly post-vasectomy pain syndrome
Congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens - diagnosis and management
Does nocturnal penile tumescence testing still have a role in ED evaluation?
Effects of varicocele on testicular function and its pathogenesis
Epidemiology and diagnosis of premature ejaculation
Evaluation and management of azoospermia
Guidelines for varicocelectomy in a young male
Indications and options for surgical management of Peyronie's disease
Is there a genuine association between erectile dysfunction and lower urinary tract symptoms?
Medical management of priapism, with a focus on PDE5 inhibitors
Role of antioxidants in male infertility
Role of the epididymis in sperm maturation
Sperm retrieval for assisted reproduction
Surgery for priapism
Surgical approaches to Peyronie's disease
The use of low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LIST) in erectile dysfunction (ED)
Treatment options for patients with premature ejaculation
Ultrasound diagnosis of varicocele
Varicocelectomy - which approach?
Vasectomy reversal - techniques and outcomes
What is premature ejaculation?
Which men are better suited for a penile prosthesis?

Reconstructive Urology 
Augmentation cystoplasty: indications, techniques and outcomes
Continent cutaneous urinary diversion
Early and long term complications of ileal conduit urinary diversions
Formation of an ileal conduit: the Wallace anastomosis
Long-term management of the urinary tract in patients with spinal cord injury
Post-prostatectomy incontinence - risk factors and diagnosis
Principles of reconstruction of the ureter with a Boari flap or psoas hitch
Principles of ureteric reconstruction with trans-uretero-ureterostomy or intestinal substitution
Suburethral sling surgery for post-prostatectomy incontinence
Substitution and augmentation urethroplasty

Female Urology
Are injectables still relevant in genuine stress urinary incontinence?
Cystoceles for urologists
Dealing with urethral diverticulum 
Does botulinum toxin work for refractory OAB?
Drug therapies for OAB - which anti-muscarinic?
How to select the best surgical options for genuine stress urinary incontinence
Incidence, risk factors and tips for the prevention of urologic injuries in pelvic surgery
Latest status on slings in urodynamic stress urinary incontinence
Management of interstitial cystitis
Pelvic floor rehabilitation for urodynamic stress urinary incontinence
Reasons behind female bladder dysfunction
Surgical and non-surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse
Surgical management of female genitourinary fistulae in the developed world

Transplant and Nephrology
Common immunosuppressants - complications in renal transplantation
Hand-assist, laparoscopic and robotic live donor nephrectomy - advantages and drawbacks of each technique
Management of transplant kidney calculus obstruction
Prostate cancer in renal transplant patients
Should a history of renal stones exclude a live donor?
Should a pre-existing hostile bladder be managed before or after kidney transplant?
Should TURP be performed before or after nephrectomy?
Surgical approaches for polycystic nephrectomy
Techniques for managing transplant kidney RCC 
Techniques for repair of a stenosed transplant ureter
The evidence for use of live donors with pre-existing hypertension

Trauma and Emergency
Autonomic dysreflexia - risk factors, presentation and management
Contemporary management of low-flow priapism
Early or delayed re-approximation of the injured proximal urethra?
Emphysematous pyelonephritis - conservative versus surgical management
Fracture of the penis
Grade 4 renal injuries – the role of conservative management
Grading of blunt renal trauma and blunt renal trauma imaging
Management algorithm for post-TURP bleeding
Management of post-obstructive diuresis
Medical and surgical management of haemorrhagic cystitis
Microbiological interaction in the genesis of Fournier's gangrene
Nephrostomy versus retrograde stent for the obstructed infected kidney
Review of the role of imaging in testicular torsion
Role of hyperbaric oxygen in radiation-induced haemorrhagic cystitis
The role of imaging in pregnancy associated loin pain
TRUS biopsy and multi-resistant bacterial infection

Safe Patient Care & Professionalism
Cancer risk from exposure to diagnostic ionising radiation
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS): rationale and principles
Haemostatic agents, sealants and tissue adhesives used in urological surgery
Peri-operative venous thromboembolism. Pharmacological prophylaxis in urological surgery: why and how?
Responsible opioid use for urologists
Social media in urology - opportunities and benefits
Social media in urology - professionalism and pitfalls
The surgical safety checklist: implementation and impact

Video Library
Female robotic cystectomy and intra-corporeal ileal conduit
Greenlight XPS - photosensitive laser vapourisation in the management of BPH
Open radical prostatectomy
Prostatic urethral lift implant
Robotic-assisted distal ureterectomy and Boari flap reconstruction for distal ureteric tumours
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy
Robotic-assisted radical cysto-prostatectomy and intra-corporeal ileal conduit